09. September 2021 | Position
The German chemical-pharmaceutical industry is under double pressure to act: First, companies need to hold their own in ever fiercer global competition. Second, they have to use their know-how to find answers to the major societal and ecological challenges of our time.
The industry is facing up to this: by investing in 2020 some 13.7 billion euros in research and development. Also, companies are working to eliminate their internal obstacles to innovation. However, industry alone cannot keep Germany at the top worldwide. Under¬takings need political backing.
Provide incentives for innovation
Important key technologies – such as hydrogen generation and use, chemical recycling, biotechnology, energy storage and digitalisation – must be recognised and supported across value chains. National and European promotion programmes as well as growth funds should be set up for this purpose. The chemical-pharmaceutical industry gives special importance to research incentives for SMEs and start-ups, as they are major sources of innovation. Business and public administration should invest 3.5 percent of GDP in R&D.
Making innovation a priority
Those who want to be competitive must bring research results to market maturity as fast as possible. Therefore, obstacles to innovation in value networks should be avoided and elimi-nated. This presupposes framework conditions in innovation policy and research promotion that are stable, reliable in the long run and fit for the future. Furthermore, excellently qualified staff strengthen the innovation ability of companies.
THE VCI IS CALLING FOR THE FOLLOWING
- Invest more in innovation and make available growth capital
Venture capital and further financial instruments with a long-term funding horizon should be mobilised to support innovative companies up to market maturity. Useful additional points would be more fiscal research incentives, extra public investments, innovation-friendly fiscal framework conditions, and setting up and supporting real laboratories.
- Create a suitable environment for innovation
An open mind to a wide range of different technologies, fast planning and approval procedures that are legally sound and can be relied on today and tomorrow, effective patent protection, appropriate patent terms and uniform supplementary protection certificates in the EU – these are important components to strengthen Germany’s ability to innovate. Also necessary is an adaptation of state aid rules for R&D and regarding trans-formation projects.
- Promotion programmes for the future
More money should go again into projects with industry. Sufficiently funded promotion programmes for different technologies and across all degrees of technology maturity are important, also under the EU’s Green Deal. These must allow flexibility and agile expansion. Research cooperations should be further driven forward through unbureaucratic tendering and improved effectivity and efficacy of promotion efforts, offering better access for SMEs and start-ups. The concrete shaping of the Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation (“SpringD”) should be closely attuned to the needs of industry and have suitable interfaces to the European Innovation Council.
- Improve the conditions for natural science teaching
Science teaching (“Sachkundeunterricht”) should be introduced already in elementary schools. In secondary schooling, at least one third of lessons should be dedicated to STEM subjects. Universities need better funding. Opportunities for qualified advanced education of persons already in employ must be expanded.
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